Sweetest Day is October 15

Sweetest Day Editorial (1922)Sweetest Day is an observance celebrated primarily in the Great Lakes region, and parts of the Northeast United States, on the third Saturday in October.[1] It is described by Retail Confectioners International as an “occasion which offers all of us an opportunity to remember husbands, boyfriends, the sick, aged and orphaned, but also friends, relatives and associates whose helpfulness and kindness we have enjoyed.”[2] Sweetest Day has also been referred to as a “concocted promotion” created by the candy industry solely to increase sales of sweets.[3]

Origin

Sweetest Day was a promotion concocted by Cleveland confectioners in 1921.[3] The Cleveland Plain Dealer’s October 8, 1921 edition, which chronicles the first Sweetest Day in Cleveland, states that the first Sweetest Day was planned by a committee of 12 confectioners chaired by candymaker C. C. Hartzell. The Sweetest Day in the Year Committee distributed over 20,000 boxes of candy to “newsboys, orphans, old folks, and the poor” in Cleveland, Ohio.[3] The Sweetest Day in the Year Committee was assisted in the distribution of candy by some of the biggest movie stars of the day including Theda Bara and Ann Pennington.[3]

There were also several attempts to start a “Sweetest Day” in New York City, including a declaration of a Candy Day throughout the United States by candy manufacturers on October 8, 1922.[4] In 1927, The New York Times reported that “the powers that determine the nomenclature of the weeks of October” decreed that the week beginning on October 10, 1927 would be known as Sweetest Week.[5] On September 25, 1937, The New York Times reported under Advertising News and Notes that The National Confectioners Association had launched a “movement throughout the candy industry” to rank Sweetest Day with the nationally accepted Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, and St. Valentine’s Day.[6] In 1940, another Sweetest Day was proclaimed on October 19. The promotional event was marked by the distribution of more than 10,000 boxes of candy by the Sweetest Day Committee.[7] The candy was distributed among 26 local charities. 225 children were given candy in the chapel at the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children on October 17, 1940.[7] 600 boxes of candy were also delivered to the presidents of the Jewish, Protestant and Catholic Big Sister groups of New York.[7]

Today

Sweetest Day commonly involves women giving their husband or boyfriends candy. While it is not as large or widely observed as Valentine’s Day, it is still celebrated in parts of the United States, despite persistent allegations of being a “Hallmark holiday.”[8]

Retail Confectioners International describes it as “much more important for candymakers in some regions than in others (Detroit and Cleveland being the biggest Sweetest Day cities)”.[2] The popularity in Detroit was greatly perpetuated by the Sanders Candy Company. Frederick Sanders of Detroit, Mi was a large promoter of the holiday. In 2006, Hallmark marketed 151 greeting card designs for Sweetest Day. American Greetings marketed 178.[9]

Criticism

Since Sweetest Day was invented by commercial interests which stood to profit from such a holiday, dissenting Cleveland residents refer to it as a “Hallmark holiday[8] (although it was not invented by Hallmark Cards company). Due to its relative historical insignificance, adherence limited to the Great Lakes region and commercial origins, many Clevelanders do not celebrate Sweetest Day

References

  1. ^ Cridlin, Jay (2006-10-21). “A sweet day for Hallmark”. St Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  2. ^ a b Sweetest Day, retailerconfectioners.org. Retrieved on 2007-02-21.
  3. ^ a b c d The Cleveland Plain Dealer, October 15, 2005.
  4. ^ The New York Times, October 8, 1922.
  5. ^ The New York Times, October 10, 1927.
  6. ^ The New York Times, September 25, 1937.
  7. ^ a b c The New York Times, October 18, 1940.
  8. ^ a b Arnett, Lisa. “Sweet wine o’ mine”. The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2007-02-21.[dead link]
  9. ^ Orsborn, Kimberly (2006-10-20). “Sweetest Day born in Ohio”. Mount Vernon News. Archived from the original on 2007-03-26. Retrieved 2007-02-21.